CFD Simulation of Silica Gel as an Adsorbent on Finned Tube Adsorbent Bed

Andre Kurniawan, Nasruddin, Asep Rachmat

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The adsorption technology is becoming the more expected solution by today's researchers for fix the energy and environmental issues. The main part of the cooling system adsorption is adsorbent and adsorbate. One of the most widely used adsorbents in research of adsorption technology is silica gel. A new silica gel-water adsorption chiller design was developed that composed of two sorption chambers with compact fin tube heat exchangers as adsorber, condenser, and evaporator. Energy, mass, and momentum conservation equations of the adsorption systems have been used for the CFD two and three dimensional models. The geometry of simulation is simply made within silica gel layer between two fins. The simulation is also implemented using a finite volume method through the CFD software Fluent. User defined functions are given to modify the energy, mass, and momentum conservation equations. The simulation of adsorption process is adjusted at unsteady condition. Adsorption and desorption processes are simulated with room temperature for cooling water inlet at temperature 305.15 °K, hot water inlet at temperature 353.15 °K, mass flow rate cooling water inlet at 0.3 kg/s and pressure 32 KPa. For the whole adsorbent bed area, the result shows that the highest absolute adsorption rate at the outer surface, while the lowest rate is at the center. After adsorption was finished, the condition is reversed. The highest absolute adsorption rate is achieved at center, while the lowest rate is achieved at the outer surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01014
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018
Event3rd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference "Sustainable Development of Tropical Renewable Energy", i-TREC 2018 - Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Sept 20188 Sept 2018


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