Cervical cancer screening and prevention among female gynecologic oncologists in Indonesia

Brahmana Askandar Tjokroprawiro, Indra Yuliati, Laila Nuranna, Tofan Widya Utami, Tricia Dewi Anggraeni, Khoirunnisa Novitasari, Renata Alya Ulhaq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Cervical cancer has become a significant health problem in developing countries. We researched cervical cancer screening and prevention among all female gynecologic oncologists (FGO) registered with the Indonesian Society of Gynecologic Oncologists (INASGO). Methods: Participant data and cervical cancer screening and prevention data were collected using an online questionnaire. A total sampling technique was conducted, and 18 of 20 FGOs responded to the survey. All data were analyzed descriptively. Results: Fourteen FGOs (77.8%) had their first cervical screening at the age of 31-40 years old, primarily using Pap smears (77.8%) and Pap-human papillomavirus (HPV) co-testing (22.2%). Half of the included FGOs (50%) had irregular cervical cancer screening due to lack of time (66.7%), followed by forgetting (33.3%). Most FGOs preferred liquid-based cytology (77.8%) over conventional Pap smears (22.2%). Half of the FGOs preferred the HPV genotyping and half the HPV non-genotyping test. Most of the FGOs had screenings performed by female gynecologists (77.8%), male gynecologists (11.1%), and female general practitioners (5.6%). Most FGOs underwent screenings at health facilities outside their workplace (88.9%) and were funded by themselves (94.4%). Most FGOs were vaccinated with the HPV vaccine (77.8%), and most were with the quadrivalent (85.7%) over the bivalent vaccine (14.3%). All respondents were completely (three doses) vaccinated. Conclusion: Most of the FGOs in Indonesia have been vaccinated against HPV and screened for cervical cancer, although half are still not regularly screened. The liquid-based cytology Pap smear and the quadrivalent HPV vaccine are the preferred cervical screening and prevention methods among FGOs in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1158-1162
Number of pages5
JournalBali Medical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • cervical cancer
  • female gynecologic-oncologist
  • screening
  • vaccination


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