Cervical cancer prevention in Indonesia: An updated clinical impact, cost-effectiveness and budget impact analysis

Didik Setiawan, Andrijono, Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, Hashta Meyta, R. Vensya Sitohang, Gertrudis Tandy, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Maarten J. Postma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction The clinical and economic impact of cervical cancer consistently become a serious burden for all countries, including Indonesia. The implementation of HPV vaccination policy for a big country such as Indonesia requires a strong commitment from several decision-makers. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive description on cost-effectiveness and the budget-impact of HPV vaccination policy in Indonesia. Method A cohort Markov model was used to evaluate the cost and the clinical impact of HPV vaccination for 10 years old girls in Indonesia. The researchers consider two doses of all three available HPV vaccines adjusted with the HPV infection profilewith 95% vaccination coverage to estimate the national cervical cancer incidence and mortality. The Budget impact analysis explores three different scenarios covering (1) Two districts per year expansion, (2) oneprovince per year expansion and (3) achieving the National Immunization Program in 2024. Results Upon fully vaccinating almost 2.3 million 10-year-old girls, 34,723; 43,414; and 51,522 cervical cancer cases were prevented by Quadrivalent, Bivalent and Nonavalent vaccines, consecutively. Furthermore, the highest (591 cases) and lowest (399 cases) mortality were prevented by Nonavalent and Quadrivalent vaccines, respectively. Most of the vaccines were considerably cost-effective and only the Bivalent vaccine with the GAVI/UNICEF price which will be considered a cost-saving strategy.To provide national coverage of HPV vaccination in Indonesia, the government has to provide an annual budget of about US$49 million and US$22 million using the government contract price and GAVI/UNICEF price, respectively. Conclusion HPV vaccination shows a cost-effective strategy and the budget required to provide this policy is considerably affordable for Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0230359
JournalPloS one
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'Cervical cancer prevention in Indonesia: An updated clinical impact, cost-effectiveness and budget impact analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this