Background: Studies on the characteristics CD4+ and CD8+ in hepatitis C and their correlation with the severity of the disease have been rarely conducted. This study was aimed to obtain the mean difference between CD4+ and CD8+ count in liver to evaluate their correlation with fibrosis and necroinflammatory grades in chronic hepatitis C. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted between March and July 2010 with 30 liver biopsies obtained from patients with non-B and non-HIV chronic hepatitis C who visited the Outpatient Clinic of Hepatology Unit at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in January 2008â€“February 2010. Fibrosis and necroinflammatory grades were determined using METAVIR methods on liver biopsies. The mean values of CD4+ and CD8+ in portal tracts and hepatic lobules in liver biopsy specimens were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed by using independent T-test and Spearman test. Results: There was a difference in mean CD4+ counts between portal tracts and the lobules (95% CI = 4.3-17.9; p = 0.002) and also differences in mean CD8+ counts in portal tracts and hepatic lobules (95% CI = 15.4-35.6; p < 0.001). There was no correlation between CD4+ and CD8+ counts, either in portal tracts or the lobules, and inflammatory grades as well as the liver fibrosis. Conclusion: CD4+ and CD8+ counts are greater in portal area compared to the hepatic lobules, with greater CD8+ counts than CD4+. However, both CD4+ and CD8+ counts are not correlated to the severity of liver damage.
|Journal||The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|