Catalyst-free synthesis of ZnO nanowires on Si by oxidation of Zn powders

A. Sekar, S. H. Kim, A. Umar, Y. B. Hahn

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135 Citations (Scopus)


ZnO nanowires were grown on Si (1 0 0) substrates by oxidation of metallic Zn powder at 600 °C. Sea-urchin-like nanostructures, consisting of straight nanowires of ZnO with blunt faceted ends with a sudden reduction in diameter projecting out, were observed, having diameters of 30-60 nm and lengths of 2-4 μm. TEM analysis and SAED patterns showed that the as-grown nanostructures are highly crystalline in nature and preferably grown along the [0 0 0 1] direction, which is consistent with XRD analysis. Room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) measurements showed a reduced near band-edge emission in the UV region at 380 nm, while a strong deep level emission was observed in the visible region at 500-530 nm. A model for vapor-solid (VS) growth mechanism of ZnO nanowires was presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-478
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2005


  • A2. Catalyst-free synthesis
  • A2. Vapor-solid growth mechanism
  • B1. ZnO nanowires


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