Burnout and coping strategies among resident physicians at an Indonesian tertiary referral hospital during COVID-19 pandemic

Sri Linuwih Menaldi, Natalia Widiasih Raharjanti, Mardiastuti Wahid, Adhitya Sigit Ramadianto, Nadia Rahmadiani Nugrahadi, G. M.Yudi Prasetia Adhiguna, Dewi Anggraeni Kusumoningrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the burden on resident physicians. They may use different coping strategies to manage those burdens, which partly determine their mental health outcomes, including burnout syndrome. This study explores the relationship between coping strategies and burnout among resident physicians during the COVID-19 pandemic in an Indonesian tertiary referral hospital. Methods This online cross-sectional study was conducted from June to August 2020, involving nine residency programs in the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia-Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Burnout syndrome was assessed using Maslach Burnout Inventory, while Brief COPE measured coping strategies. Results A total of 388 residents participated in this study. High emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and low personal accomplishment (PA) were found in 15.5%, 5.2%, and 39.2%, respectively. Residents more often use adaptive than maladaptive coping strategies. Higher PA was correlated to residents using problem-focused (r = 0.299; p < 0.001) and emotion-focused (r = 0.397; p < 0.001). Meanwhile, dysfunctional coping strategies are moderately correlated with EE (r = 0,518; p <0,001) and DP (r = 0,507; p<0,001). Conclusion The use of dysfunctional coping strategies is linked to higher emotional exhaustion and depersonalization aspect of burnout. However, a higher sense of personal accomplishment is linked to problem-focused and emotion-focused strategies. Appropriate identification and intervention of residents with dysfunctional coping strategies may be beneficial in reducing burnout risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0280313
JournalPloS one
Volume18
Issue number1 January
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

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