Bone fusion in transcele reconstruction of frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele

Samsul Ashari, Mohammad Saekhu, Kevin Gunawan, Amanda Aldilla, Nadya Zaragita, Setyo Widi Nugroho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: In surgical correction of frontoethmoidal encephalocele with transcranial approach, advanced facilities are required. While with extracranial approach, though deemed as a safe option in area with limited facilities, procedure was associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. In this case series, we evaluate the results of transcele reconstruction of frontoethmoidal encephalocele, our approach to reduce the incidence of CSF leaks by focusing on the closure of layers by its embryological derivatives, by its bone fusion. Methods: A case series of 14 patients with various types of frontoethmoidal encephalocele who underwent surgery for defect closure using transcele approach between June 2015 and December 2018 was carried out. Surgery was done by a single surgeon in the Department of Neurosurgery of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia. We collected the data of intraoperative blood loss and any signs of infection and CSF leak during the patients’ one-year follow up. Bone fusion in the defect was evaluated from 3D rendering of head CT scan that was performed before and in 1 year after surgery. Results: The median percentage of intraoperative blood loss was 5.9% (0.5–18.7%). All 3D rendering of head CT post-surgery during 1 year follow up showed bone fusion and no patient experienced CSF leaks or CNS infections. Conclusions: This study showed that using transcele approach in frontoethmoidal reconstruction could give good bone fusion with minimal blood loss and no CSF leaks. We assumed that closure of the layers by its embryological derivative played an important part in bone fusion and in reducing the incidence of CSF leaks, although this finding has to be validated with large-scale studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1619-1623
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Neurosurgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2022


  • 3D CT scan
  • bone fusion
  • encephalocele
  • Frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele
  • reconstruction
  • transcele


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