Blood Transfusion in Obstetric Cases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To discuss about blood loss in an obstetric setting, the role of blood transfusion, and patient blood management.
Methods: Literature review.
Results: Severe anaemia with hemoglobin level less than 7 g/dL or late gestation (more than 34 weeks) and/ or significant symptoms of anaemia, the recommendation is giving only single unit transfusion followed by clinical reassessment for further transfusion. In postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), massive transfusion protocols are commonly used description as large volume of blood products over a brief period to a patient with uncontrolled or severe hemorrhage, transfusion more than 10 RBC units within 24 hours, transfusion more than 4 RBC units in 1 hour with anticipation of continued need for blood, replacement of more than 50% of total blood volume by blood products within 3 hours. All obstetric units have a clear-cut massive transfusion protocol for the initial management of life-threatening PPH, considering early transfusion therapy with RBCs and FFP.
Conclusion: Patient blood management aims to maintain hemoglobin concentration, optimize haemostasis, and minimize blood loss in effort to improve patient outcomes. Massive transfusion protocol in management of life-threatening should depend on each obstetric unit.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIndonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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