Blood Cockle Shells Waste as Renewable Source for the Production of Biogenic CaCO3 and Its Characterisation

D. Asmi, A. Zulfia

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The prowess to reuse and recycle of blood cockle shells for raw material in bio-ceramics applications is an attractive component of integrated waste management program. In this paper an attempt is made to introduce a simple process to manufacture biogenic CaCO3 powder from blood cockle shells waste. The biogenic CaCO3 powder was produced from rinsing of blood cockle shells waste using deionised water and oxalic acid for cleaning the dirt and stain on the shells, then drying and grinding followed by heat treatment at 500 and 800 °C for 5 h. The powder obtained was characterised by XRF, DTA/TG, SEM, FTIR, and XRD analysis. The amount of 97.1 % CaO was obtained from XRF result. The thermal decomposition of CaCO3 become CaO due to mass loss was observed in the TG curve. The SEM result shows the needle-like aragonite morphology of blood cockle shells powder transformed to cubic-like calcite after heat treated at 500 °C. These results were consistent with FTIR and XRD results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012049
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2017
Event2017 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environment and Materials Science, EEMS 2017 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 28 Jul 201730 Jul 2017


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