Biogas Generation in the Palm Oil Mill

Muhammad Y. Arya, Muhammad A. Kholiq, Udin Hasanudin, Misri Gozan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is characterized by high biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) content. Anaerobic digestion pond is a very sustainable form of processing because it does not release methane gas into the air, potent greenhouse gas. Proper pretreatment strategies are necessary to handle recalcitrant materials. Nutritional addition methods and digester configurations have been developed to produce and capture as much methane gas as possible to reduce impurities. Organic loading rate (OLR) is one of the key parameters that must be maintained high to ensure the biogas production's continuity and stability. Various operating conditions, especially the feed and pond temperatures, affect the OLR and removal of organics. Biogas purification is aimed to remove hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide, hence, increasing the methane concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiorefinery of Oil Producing Plants for Value-Added Products
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9783527830756
ISBN (Print)9783527348763
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


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