Biodiesel synthesis in DBD plasma reactor using hot mixture of castor oil and used palm oil - Methanol

Kania Zara, Sesia Fitri Anisa, Shafira Nabilla, Setijo Bismo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME or biodiesel) and paraffin in a non-thermal plasma Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) reactor has produced satisfactory results. Plasma technology has shown advantages over conventional method by synthesizing biodiesel without the presence of catalysts, requiring relatively low energy, and not producing glycerol as a by-product. This research aims to compare the FAME and paraffin produced from used palm oil, with and without added castor oil. In this study, the triglycerides are reacted with methanol in the plasma DBD reactor. The reactor is operated at atmospheric pressure, liquid feed flow rate of 1.3 mL/s, argon gas flow rate of 25.27 mL/s, and plasma voltage of 10.2 kV AC. The independent variables in this study are sources of triglycerides and output frequency of the Electronic Power Transformer (EPT). Characterization of the produced biodiesel includes GC-MS, GC-FAME, density, and viscosity. The optimal condition for biodiesel conversion reaction in a DBD plasma reactor from this study is at a reaction temperature of 40 °C and a 1:1 molar ratio of oil to methanol, and a reaction time of 120 minutes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019
EditorsOsi Arutanti, Ahmad Randy, Muhammad Arifuddin Fitriady
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2019
Event5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019, ISAC 2019 - Bumi Serpong Dama (BSD) City, Tangerang, Indonesia
Duration: 23 Oct 201924 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2175
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019, ISAC 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityBumi Serpong Dama (BSD) City, Tangerang
Period23/10/1924/10/19

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