Bioactive Compounds from Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) as an Antiviral Agent via Dual Inhibitor Mechanism against SARS-CoV-2: An In Silico Approach

A. N.M. Ansori, V. D. Kharisma, A. A. Parikesit, F. A. Dian, R. T. Probojati, M. Rebezov, P. Scherbakov, P. Burkov, G. Zhdanova, A. Mikhalev, Y. Antonius, N. I. Sumantri, T. H. Sucipto, R. Zainul, Pratama Mohammad Rizki Fadhil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) is the virus that causes COVID-19 which is responsible for respiratory illness infection in humans. The virus was first identified in China in 2019 and later spread to other countries worldwide. This study aims to identify the bioactive compounds from mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) as an antiviral agent via dual inhibitor mechanisms against two SARS-CoV-2 proteases through the in silico approach. The three-dimensional structure of various bioactive compounds of mangosteen from the database was examined. Furthermore, all the target compounds were analyzed for drug, antiviral activity prediction, virtual screening, molecular interactions, and three-dimensional structure visualization. It aimed to determine the potential of the bioactive compounds from mangosteen that can serve as antiviral agents to fight SARS-CoV-2. Results showed that the bioactive compounds from mangosteen have the prospective to provide antiviral agents that contradict the virus via dual inhibitory mechanisms. In summary, the binding of the various bioactive compounds from mangosteen results in low binding energy and is expected to have the ability to induce any activity of the target protein binding reaction. Therefore, it allows various bioactive compounds from mangosteen to act as dual inhibitory mechanisms for COVID-19 infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalPharmacognosy Journal
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Antiviral agent
  • COVID-19
  • Garcinia mangostana L
  • In silico approach
  • SARS-CoV-2

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