Bio-oil from Tobacco Plant

Andre F.P. Harahap, Ahmad Fauzantoro, Misri Gozan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Methods of bio-oil extraction have been developed. The advantages of liquid extraction methods, compared to fast pyrolysis, are the low temperatures and the possibility of solvent recovery so that they are considered more environmentally friendly. Multistage extraction with a variety of different polarity solvents has produced higher nicotine levels. Bio-oil has nicotine, d -limonene, indole, and pyridine as the main content. Tobacco bio-oil has certain toxical issues, especially due to the nicotine content that can be very dangerous. However, bio-oil passes acute toxicity tests and does not contain dangerous residues such as carbamate, organochlorine, organophosphate, nor heavy metals. Bio-oil is needed for further applications, especially as biopesticide or medicinal purposes with very special precaution. Bio-oil from tobacco plants is powerful against several bacteria and fungi. Plant insects can also be suppressed by using diluted bio-oil.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiorefinery of Oil Producing Plants for Value-Added Products
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1
Publisherwiley
Pages399-420
Number of pages22
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9783527830756
ISBN (Print)9783527348763
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

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