This study discusses the development of tactical-level integrated planning at seaport container terminals in an uncertain environment. The suggested approach seeks to strike a balance between the cost-effectiveness of a robust baseline schedule and recovery plan and the required quality of customer service in order to enhance the competitive edge of container ports. Integrated planning for a tactical level at the container terminal synchronizes the decisions of berth allocation and quay crane assignment planning by taking into account the unpredictability of the vessel's arrival time and handling time caused by a variety of unforeseen factors such as unfavorable weather conditions, instability in the productivity rate of the quay cranes, the uncertainty of the quantity of loading and discharging containers, and other unpredictable events. The proposed optimization model produces a robust and proactive baseline schedule with a recoverable reactive plan for each scenario that occurs by utilizing buffer times and quay cranes that anticipate fluctuations in uncertain parameters. The proposed bi-objective recoverable robustness optimization model is solved by applying a hybrid method, namely the Rolling Horizon-based Optimization Algorithm (RHOA) and the Preemptive Goal Programming approach, using Gurobi-Python Optimization. The proposed bi-objective recoverable robust optimization model demonstrates superior solution quality in terms of service level and total costs, as well as a more efficient computational time when compared to an optimization model that minimizes total costs for tactical level planning decisions in seaside container terminals.
- Bi-objective optimization model
- Container terminal
- Environmental uncertainty
- Recoverable robustness
- Rolling horizon-based optimization algorithm