Beyond multiculturalism: Redefining Indonesian nationhood in a globalized age

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


A country of more than 13,000 islands, inhabited by 240 million people made up of 300 ethnic groups speaking over 700 languages, it is a marvel that Indonesia, after its 66 years of age, is still intact as a nation state. The country has been wracked by many internal conflicts, the worst of which was the communist cleansing bloodbath of 1965, which killed approximately half a million people (Cribb 1990, 2001). It survived the threat of secession when the Free Acehnese Movement reached a peace agreement with the central government in 2005 (Ishak 2008). The nation experienced inter-ethnic clashes on the island of Kalimantan in 1999 and severe religious conflict on the island of Ambon in 2002 (Van Klinken 2007, Brown 2005).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMulticultural Challenges and Redefining Identity in East Asia
PublisherTaylor and Francis Ltd.
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781317093671
ISBN (Print)9781409455288
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


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