The aim was to evaluate the role of the combination of olmesartan, an angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blocker (ARB), with daunorubicin (DNR) in reducing cardiac toxicity in rats. DNR was administered at a dose of 3 mg/kg/day every other day for 12 days. Olmesartan was administered orally every day for 12 days. Rats treated with DNR alone showed cardiac toxicity as evidenced by worsening cardiac function, elevation of malondialdehyde level in heart tissue and decreased in the level of total glutathione peroxidase activity; treatment with ARB reversed these changes. Furthermore, ARB treatment down-regulated matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression, myocardial expression of Ang II, attenuated the increased protein expressions of p67phox and Nox4 and reduced oxidative stress-induced DNA damage evaluated by expression of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine. In conclusion, the result demonstrated that Ang II and oxidative stress play a key role in anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity and that treatment with ARB will be beneficial against DNR-induced cardiotoxicity.
- angiotensin II receptor blocker
- oxidative stress