Beneficial and adverse effects of dam construction in canal tannery wastewater effluent with a high content of chromium in Hazaribagh, Bangladesh

Fitri Kurniasari, Maw Than Htike, Akira Tazaki, Takumi Kagawa, M. M.Aeorangajeb Al Hossain, Anwarul Azim Akhand, Nazmul Ahsan, Shoko Ohnuma, Naruhito Iwasaki, Masashi Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Blockage to divide downstream canals into upstream canals, into which tannery wastewater including a high concentration of trivalent chromium [Cr(III)] is directly discharged, has been constructed in Hazaribagh, a tannery built-up area in Bangladesh. However, there has been no study to verify the environmental significance of blockage construction for water pollution of Cr in nature. Methods: Consecutive fixed area monitoring for a total of 164 water samples collected outside and inside Hazaribagh from 2014 to 2023 was carried out to clarify the effects of stagnant and flowable canal water in the presence or absence of blockage on Cr(III) and hexavalent Cr [Cr(VI)] concentrations. Results: Since pollution of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) in Buriganga River (outside Hazaribagh) was not serious, this study then focused on their pollution in canal water (inside Hazaribagh) in the nonblockage period, blockage construction period and blockage destruction period. As expected, the mean Cr(III) concentration in downstream canal water samples in the blockage construction period was more than 98% lower than that in the upstream canal water samples in the same period, while the concentrations were comparable in downstream and upstream canal water samples in the nonblockage period and blockage destruction period. Unexpectedly, the mean concentration of Cr(VI) in the upstream canal water samples in the blockage construction period was 38.6-fold and 3.3-fold higher than that in the downstream canal water samples and the Cr(VI) guideline value by the US-EPA, respectively. Conclusion: This study demonstrated for the first time not only a merit of decreased Cr(III) pollution but also a demerit of increased Cr(VI) pollution in stagnant water derived from blockage construction in natural environments. This bitter lesson obtained by the enclosure of Cr(III)-polluted water is globally applicable for water pollution of Cr(III), which is used in various industries including the leather industry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141047
JournalChemosphere
Volume350
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Blockage
  • Hexavalent chromium
  • Stagnant water
  • Tannery
  • Trivalent chromium
  • Water pollution

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