Enactment of a National Health Information System regulation in 2014 by the Indonesian government enabled the integration of healthcare data using electronic systems in the country. However, limited information was gained regarding the barriers from the healthcare management point of view that might cause slowness of adoption. We evaluated the implementation of the Primary Health Care Information System (PHCIS) in order to explore and describe the barriers and challenges during the adoption of Primary Health Care (PHC) from a health management perspective, and propose a PHCIS design to minimize the barriers. A qualitative form of research was conducted in an urban area of Banten Province from February–April 2018, as that area has gained experience of PHCIS implementation for more than five years. An in-depth interview was recorded to explore and describe the barriers during PHCIS adoption. Four themes of the barriers have been identified from a strategic and operational level perspective, namely: human resources, infrastructure, organizational support, and processing. Our analysis suggests that PHCIS adoption could be more effective if there were greater interaction between human resources, infrastructure, organizational support, and process factors. Hence, involvements including: strengthening staff competency, improving technology infrastructure, increasing organizational support with more investment for high-quality PHCIS, and re-designing the PHCIS to accommodate the basic process of PHC, might be beneficent to improve PHCIS adoption.
- Barrier and challenge
- Developing country
- Health care organization
- Primary health care
- Primary health care information system