Band gap energy modification of TiO2 photoelectrode by PbS/CdS quantum dot to enhance visible region photocurrent

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TiO2nanoparticles co-sensitized by CdS and PbS quantum dots (QD) were successfully prepared by a two-step process of sol gel method followed by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) technique. Optical band gap energy and the particle size of the QD were determined from UV-Vis DRS spectra by using Tauc method and Brus model, respectively. XRD patterns indicated that the TiO2nanoparticles have a nano-size crystallite range of 20-50 nm, while the DRS analysis showed that the optical band gap of TiO2 and CdS were 3,34 eV and 2,38 eV, respectively. The diameter of CdS QD calculated by Tauc and Yu equation was around 9 nm. The shifted of optical band gap from UV to visible region was used to monitor the enhancement of visible photocurrent. Photoelectrochemical test showed that the TiO2 (Eg = 3.34 eV) generated a photocurrent in the visible region of 0.01 mA/cm2 and after TiO2 coated by CdS (Eg = 2.38 eV) its photocurrent increased to 0.30 mA/cm2. The results showed that the PbS/CdS co-sensitization have successfully enhanced the performance of TiO2 photoelectrode by improving visible light adsorption efficiency and electron transport rate. We believe that this sensitizers and proposed structure have good prospects for photovoltaic development in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-198
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of ChemTech Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Optical bandgap
  • Photoelectrochemical
  • Quantum dot
  • Sensitizer
  • TiO


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