Association of disease activity and pericardial effusion on systemic lupus erythematosus patients

Nurhay Abdurahman, Idrus Alwi, Lukman Hakim, Dasnan Ismail, Hardjanti Soelistijo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prericardial effusion (PE) is the most common cardiac abnormality found in SLE. The presence of PE was frequently associated with disease activity, hypoalbuminemia and chronic renal failure. A prospective study had been done to observe the correlation between disease activity, and the presence of PE in patients with SLE admitted at the Department of Internal Medicine Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from October 1995 to June 1996. In this study the disease activity was measured with lupus activity criteria count (LACC) and M-mode and 2-D echocardiography to detect the presence of pericardial effusion. Of the 36 patients with SLE, 17 patients were found with active SLE and 19 with inactive SLE. This study showed that the PE was more frequently found in active SLE (P < 0.01) and constituted independent risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Journal of Indonesia
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1998

Keywords

  • Disease activity
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

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