Association of coagulation factors profile with clinical outcome in patient with COVID-19 and acute stroke: A second wave cohort study

Al Rasyid, Dinda Larastika Riyanto, Salim Harris, Mohammad Kurniawan, Rakhmad Hidayat, Elvan Wiyarta, Taufik Mesiano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The second wave of COVID-19 in Indonesia occurred due to delta variant transmission with up to 2266 cases. This variant could cause higher rate of morbidities and mortalities. This study reported coagulation profile of COVID-19 patients with acute stroke and its association with patients' outcome. METHOD: This is a cohort-retrospective study conducted during the second wave of COVID-19, June-August 2021 in Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital. Inclusion criteria were adult patients with confirmed COVID-19 and diagnosed with acute stroke confirmed by radiological evidences. Exclusion criteria were COVID-19 patients with prior diagnosis of acute stroke. Coagulation factors were analyzed and presented with tables and graphs. RESULTS: A total of 33 patients included in this study with majority experienced ischemic stroke (84.8%), followed by ischemic with haemorrhagic transformation (9.1%), and the rest with haemorrhagic stroke. The median of fibrinogen and D-dimer was 487.1(147-8,943)mg/dL and 2,110(250-35,200)ug/L respectively. Prothrombin time (PT) ratio was 0.95(0.82-1.3) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) ratio was 1.01(0.64-2.72). On observation, 33.3% died during hospitalization, D-dimer value in these patients was significantly higher with 9,940ug/L compared to those who survived with 1,160ug/L(p = 0.009). The highest D-dimer value during hospitalization was also significantly higher with the median of 14,395ug/L compared to 3,740 ug/L (p = 0.014).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • acute stroke
  • coagulation factors
  • COVID-19
  • D-dimer
  • delta variant

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