Association between psychosocial status and orthodontic treatment needs in Indonesian high school students

Cinta Nurindah Sari, Fadli Jazaldi, Nada Ismah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether psychosocial status is associated with orthodontic treatment needs in high school students using the Psychosocial Impact of the Dental Aesthetic Questionnaire (PIDAQ) and the Index of Orthodontic Need (IOTN). Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study comprised 95 adolescents, both genders, aged 15–17 years old. PIDAQ was used to assess psychosocial status. The IOTN Aesthetic Component (IOTN-AC) and the IOTN Dental Health Component (DHC) was used to assess treatment needs. Examination of the oral cavity was carried out with the help of the IOTN ruler by observing the MOCDO components: missing teeth, overjet, crossbite, displacement, and overbite. The Chi-square test was used to determine the association of psychosocial status and orthodontic treatment need. The reliability test was carried out by using Cronbach’s Alpha test (0.978). Results: There was an association between psychosocial status and orthodontic treatment need based on the IOTN-AC (p=0.001) and between psychosocial status and orthodontic treatment need based on the IOTN-DHC (p=0.140). Conclusion: There is an association between psychosocial status based on the PIDAQ and subjective orthodontic treatment need based on the IOTN-AC, but there is no association between psychosocial status based on the PIDAQ and objective orthodontic treatment need based on the IOTN-DHC in students of SMAN 27 Jakarta.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere5649
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalPesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Dental Health Surveys
  • Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need
  • Orthodontics

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