Association between Proinflammatory Cytokines and Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Faisal Parlindungan, Rudy Hidayat, Anna Ariane, Hamzah Shatri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients have a greater prevalence of anxiety and depression. Proinflammatory cytokines are elevated in RA. We aim to evaluate the association between systemic inflammation in RA and anxiety and depression. Methods: There were 31 RA patients, 16 with active disease activity and 15 in remission state; they were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and for RA disease activity using Disease Activity Score of 28 joints (DAS28) – CRP (C-reactive protein). Serum proinflammatory cytokines were measured, including interleukin (IL)-6, IL-17, and Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α). Results: Among 31 patients, ten patients showed anxiety symptoms, 19 patients showed depression symptoms, and two displayed mixed symptoms. Serum TNF-α levels were significantly higher in active disease than in the remission group (p-value 0.006). There was no association or correlation between proinflammatory cytokines to anxiety and depression symptoms in the active disease and remission groups. Conclusion: This suggests that other factors besides disease activity and state of systemic inflammation may cause anxiety and depression in RA patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere174501792304261
JournalClinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Arthritis rheumatoid
  • Depression
  • Inflammation
  • Interleukin-17
  • Interleukin-6
  • Tumor necrosis factor-alpha

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