Association between oral health status and oral health-related quality of life in diabetes patients

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Abstract

Patients with diabetes have many risk factors for periodontal disease which can affect their oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health status and the oral health-related quality of life of patients with diabetes mellitus. This cross-sectional study was conducted by administering the OHIP-20 questionnaire at Endocrine Subspecialist Clinic in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, to evaluate oral health-related quality of life. Oral health status was based on the DMF-T, BOP, Periodontal Pocket, and OHIS indexes. Of the 70 patients surveyed, 97.1% had a good quality of life, and 95.7% had experienced DMFT, while the prevalence of positive BOP was 74.3%, and periodontal pockets was 15.7%. Dental caries were significantly correlated with smoking status (p=0.006), and gender and diabetes duration were significantly correlated with the presence of periodontal pockets > 4mm (p < 0.05). Oral health-related quality of life was not affected by the presence of diabetes mellitus or oral health status among the respondents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Oral health
  • Quality of life

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