Association between milk consumption and lactose malabsorption in Indonesian children

Syarimonitha Munadzilah, Badriul Hegar, Rini Sekartini, Yvan Vandenplas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective To study the association between milk consumption and lactose malabsorption in Indonesian children aged 3-12 years. Methods This cross sectional study was conducted in randomly selected presumed healthy children with good nutritional status aged 3-12 years in Central Jakarta, Indonesia (n=174), including 72 children aged 3-5 years and 102 children aged 6-12 years. Results The prevalence of lactose malabsorption in children aged 3-5 years and children aged 6-12 years was 20.8% (15/72) and 35.3% (36/102), respectively. There was no association between milk or milk product consumption and lactose malabsorption (P>0.05). In the 51 children with lactose malabsorption, the predominant clinical symptoms were diarrhea (62%), abdominal pain (52%), and nausea (5%) during the hydrogen breath test. Conclusions There is no association between milk consumption and lactose malabsorption in Indonesian children aged 3-12 years, suggesting that genetic predisposition may be more important than adaptive mechanisms to lactose consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-980
Number of pages6
JournalChinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Child
  • Hydrogen breath test
  • Lactose malabsorption
  • Milk consumption
  • Prevalence

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