Association between masticatory performance and Body Mass Index (BMI)

Muslita Indrasari, Tasya Shakina, Chaidar Masulili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Tooth loss is a major disease of the oral cavity. The primary function of teeth is mastication. Decreasing number of teeth will reduce the masticatory performance and causing food selection, which leads to lack of nutrition. Poor nutrition resulted changes in body mass index (BMI). The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between masticatory performance and BMI. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 129 subjects age 34-80 years. Subject was measured of their height and weight, and also interviewed using a questionnaire about masticatory performance and intra oral examination. Chi square was used to analyze the relation between the masticatory performance, tooth loss, denture wearing, age, gender, and economic status with BMI. Masticatory performance was not significantly associated with BMI (p = 0.96). A significant association was found between age and BMI (p = 0.03). Age affects the body mass index.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Issue numberSpecialissue
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Age
  • Body mass index
  • Eichner index
  • Masticatory performance


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