Association between Folic Acid and Zinc Concentration with Incidence of Bacterial Vaginosis in The First Trimester of Pregnancy

Noroyono Wibowo, Rima Irwinda, Jimmy S. N. Berguna, Mohammad Azmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) in pregnancy is associated with the increase of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as premature rupture of membranes and preterm labor. One of the multifactorial causes of BV is thechange in vaginal immunity. Malnutrition, including micronutrient deficiency, increases the vulnerability toinfections. This study aim to investigate the association between folic acid and zinc concentration with theincidence of bacterial vaginosis in the first trimester of pregnancy. This descriptive cross sectional studyinvolved 139 mothers with first trimester pregnancy, aged between 17-39 years old. The study was conductedat dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from September 2013 until August 2014. Vaginal secretions was sampledto diagnose BV under nugent criteria. Folic acid and zinc in the serum were measured. From 139 subject,18.7% (n=26) were found to be BV positive (nugent score =7). No deficiency of folic acid (<7 ng/mL) and40.3% (n=56) of zinc deficiency (<60 µg/dL) were found. Bivariate analysis used Kruskal-Wallis test betweenfolic acid and zinc concentration with BV incidence gives p value of 0.668 and 0.478 respectively. Prevalenceof BV in this study was 18.7%. The relation between the maternal statuses of folic acid with BV in the firsttrimester of pregnancy was not found.
Original languageEnglish
JournaleJournal Kedokteran Indonesia
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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