Assessment of the capability of 3D stratified flow finite element model in characterizing meander dynamics

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Abstract

There have been attempts to simulate meander dynamics (Langbein & Leopold, 1966; Oodgard, 1989; Campoerale et al., 2007; da Silva & El-Tahawy, 2008; Duan & Julien, 2010; Blanckaert & de Vriend, 2010; Esfahani & Keshavarzi, 2011). Meandering geometry is complex phenomena (Chanson, 2004; Wu, 2008), this would include the dynamics of flow properties and of morphology. Simulating meander flow dynamics is mostly popular using either Finite Element Method (FEM) or Finite Volume Method (FVM) where are based on Eulerian description, and based on stationer grid-based methods (Wormleaton & Ewunetu, 2006; Wu, 2008; Duan & Julien, 2010; Gomez- Gesteira et al., 2010). As such this model is lack of capability in simulating the dynamics of meander morphology; much effort is put through to overcome this issue with such as Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH), Boundary Element Methods, Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian, etc. This paper has two objectives; to identify meander flow characteristics and sediment transport distribution patterns, and to simulate meander flow characteristics and sediment transport distribution patterns using FEM. This study has identified that the key of dynamics of flow characteristics are helical flow and coherent structures, and the key of dynamics of transport characteristics are erosion-deposition zone patterns. The finite element model using in this study, RMA has shown its capability to simulate the meander key characteristics above, for small deflection angles (30°) location of maximum erosion-deposition zones near the crossover of the sinuosity, for intermediate deflection angles (70°) location of maximum erosion-deposition zones between the crossover and apex of the sinuosity, and for large deflection angles (110°) location of maximum erosion-deposition zones near the apex of the sinuosity, these are agreed with experiments of Odgaard (1989), da Silva (2006), da Silva et al. (2006) and Esfahani & Keshavarzi (2012). These results can be used as a reference to develop a method to model meander morpho-dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-166
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2014

Keywords

  • Deposition
  • Finite element methods
  • Flow structures
  • Helical flow
  • Meander dynamics
  • RMA-10
  • RMA-11
  • Sediment transport
  • Sedimentation

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