Assessment of antibiotic prescription in patients with non-pneumonia acute respiratory tract infection

Rani Sauriasari, Yusna Fadliyyah Apriyanti, Dito Pramono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The Ministry of Health (MoH) Regulation No. 30, 2014, about Health Service Standards defines the need for routine monitoring of prescribing indicators for several diseases, including non-pneumonia acute respiratory tract infection (ARI). Methods: This study compares the results of percentage analysis of the antibiotic usage in patients with non-pneumonia ARI with two methods. Medical record data from April 2016 were collected from Primary Health Care (Puskesmas) Palmerah, West Jakarta. Results: Convenience sampling indicated that 14.28% of patients with non-pneumonia ARIs used antibiotics. Simple random sampling indicated that 25% of patients with non-pneumonia ARIs used antibiotics. Differences in sample selection methods affected the final outcome (percentage of patients who used antibiotics). The tolerance limit for antibiotic use in non-pneumonia ARIs established by MoH was 20%. Conclusion: These results indicate a need for MoH guidance to pay attention to the sampling techniques used in monitoring the treatment of nonpneumonia ARIs in Primary Health Care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-69
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics
Volume10
Issue numberSpecial Issue 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory tract infection
  • Antibiotic
  • Non-pneumonia

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