Assessing large-scale violence against children surveys in selected Southeast Asian countries: A scoping review

Sandra Dewi Arifiani, Sri Andini Handayani, Monique Baumont, Cyril Bennouna, Santi Kusumaningrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Violence against children (VAC) is a widespread, global issue with far-reaching social and economic consequences. In recent years, VAC has received substantial international attention, resulting in government initiatives to reduce VAC, in part, by strengthening data collection and information systems. Objective: This scoping review was undertaken to map survey methodologies for VAC measurement in Indonesia and other Southeast Asian countries and to identify key considerations for developing both methodologically sound and culturally appropriate VAC surveys in Indonesia and similar contexts. Methods: The authors conducted manual and automated searches in English and Bahasa Indonesia through PubMed, global databases, and websites, and consulted with partners from the government of Indonesia and the child protection field to identify surveys conducted from 2006 to 2016 in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. The search identified 275 records, of which 11 met all inclusion criteria. Results: The 11 surveys utilized a wide range of methodologies and employed inconsistent definitions, different age ranges for respondents, and different combinations of self-administered and face-to-face modes. A majority of the studies utilized household-based sampling, did not include a qualitative component, and used a tablet for data collection. Conclusion: In developing VAC surveys, researchers should consider which groups of children are excluded from the sampling frame; how qualitative data can be used to strengthen the validity of survey results; how to maximize privacy in face-to-face interviews; and whether self-administered modes are feasible and acceptable. Researchers should also ensure that the survey and research protocol undergo rigorous ethical review.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-161
Number of pages13
JournalChild Abuse and Neglect
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019


  • Children
  • Emotional violence
  • Indonesia
  • Physical violence
  • Sexual violence
  • Survey
  • Violence against children


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