“Artificial” gender diversity and public visibility: The case of corporate water disclosure in Indonesia

Malisa Salsabila, Desi Adhariani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Global water crises need solutions from various parties including the business sector. This study examines the role of board gender diversity in supporting corporate water disclosure representing companies' efforts to use and manage water efficiently. This research also investigates whether the public visibility of a corporation, measured by the Google Search Volume (GSV) or Google Trends and which describes the monitoring function from stakeholder groups, can strengthen the association. The samples consist of 51 companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) from 2018–2021. The results showed that gender diversity as indicated by the percentage of women on the board of commissioners and directors has insignificant results, which means that the board's gender diversity has not played a role as an important determinant of corporate water accountability. In addition, the moderating role of GSV also showed insignificant results, meaning that the expected positive effect of board gender diversity on water disclosure does not intensify with high public visibility. Only two control variables, namely the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) committee and company size have significant results, implying that if the company has large total assets and a CSR committee in its structure, the company will tend to optimize its growth by disclosing water information as proof of its commitment towards sustainable development. The insignificant results of gender diversity and public visibility on corporate water disclosure may indicate the trivial role of diversity and the lack of stakeholders' scrutiny of the disclosure of the company's water management, which will worsen the water crises if left unattended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-175
Number of pages10
JournalBusiness Strategy and Development
Issue number2
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • board size
  • CSR committee
  • gender diversity
  • Google Search Volume
  • water disclosure
  • women on board


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