Argument annotation and analysis using deep learning with attention mechanism in Bahasa Indonesia

Derwin Suhartono, Aryo Pradipta Gema, Suhendro Winton, Theodorus David, Mohamad Ivan Fanany, Aniati Murni Arymurthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Argumentation mining is a research field which focuses on sentences in type of argumentation. Argumentative sentences are often used in daily communication and have important role in each decision or conclusion making process. The research objective is to do observation in deep learning utilization combined with attention mechanism for argument annotation and analysis. Argument annotation is argument component classification from certain discourse to several classes. Classes include major claim, claim, premise and non-argumentative. Argument analysis points to argumentation characteristics and validity which are arranged into one topic. One of the analysis is about how to assess whether an established argument is categorized as sufficient or not. Dataset used for argument annotation and analysis is 402 persuasive essays. This data is translated into Bahasa Indonesia (mother tongue of Indonesia) to give overview about how it works with specific language other than English. Several deep learning models such as CNN (Convolutional Neural Network), LSTM (Long Short-Term Memory), and GRU (Gated Recurrent Unit) are utilized for argument annotation and analysis while HAN (Hierarchical Attention Network) is utilized only for argument analysis. Attention mechanism is combined with the model as weighted access setter for a better performance. From the whole experiments, combination of deep learning and attention mechanism for argument annotation and analysis arrives in a better result compared with previous research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number90
JournalJournal of Big Data
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Argument analysis
  • Argument annotation
  • Attention mechanism
  • Bahasa Indonesia
  • Deep learning

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Argument annotation and analysis using deep learning with attention mechanism in Bahasa Indonesia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this