Application of digital ethogram in Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) behavioral observation at Ragunan Zoological Park

F. M. Kusmarani, L. Sjahfirdi, S. Sunarto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Observation of animal behavior is a major theme in zoology, often used as a baseline for other studies. To obtain accurate data, data collection process needs to be enhanced through the use of technology. BORIS (Behavioral observation research interactive software) is a digital ethogram software for data collection process in behavioral research. Through the use of BORIS, data collection process can be done in live observation and from video recording. In this study, the software was used to collect daily activity data of a Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) in Ragunan Zoological Park, Jakarta. The process began with arranging the basic ethogram and inputting the subject data. Afterwards, observation was conducted for 2 hours and 30 minutes outside the tiger enclosure. Observation yielded a recording of 10 behavior types out of 15 behavior types in the ethogram. Timestamp was shown in seconds with accuracy up to 0.001 seconds. Total of 400 observation points were made during the data recording. Results were displayed in the table with the option to export to other formats (e.g. Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet). Overall, the use of BORIS in live behavioral observation gave positive results towards the accuracy and efficiency of data collection process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2018
EditorsTerry Mart, Djoko Triyono, Ivandini T. Anggraningrum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019
Event4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Oct 201831 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2168
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period30/10/1831/10/18

Keywords

  • Activity pattern
  • BORIS
  • data collection
  • ethology

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    Kusmarani, F. M., Sjahfirdi, L., & Sunarto, S. (2019). Application of digital ethogram in Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) behavioral observation at Ragunan Zoological Park. In T. Mart, D. Triyono, & I. T. Anggraningrum (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2018 [020082] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2168). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5132509