Antiviral activity of Ceiba pentandra and Eugenia uniflora leaf extracts to dengue virus serotype-2 in Huh 7it-1 cell line

Beti Ernawati Dewi, Marissa Angelina, Sabda Ardiantara, Agung Riyanto Prakoso, Hidayati Desti, Tjahjani Mirawati Sudiro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Dengue Fever (DF) is an infectious disease caused by dengue virus (DENV) infection which is transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquito bite. There are approximately 50 million DENV cases annually in the world with 500 thousand cases hospitalized. Incidence rate of DENV infection is increasing in Indonesia every year. Specific antiviral that can inhibit or mitigate the progression of the disease have been investigated for many decades. However, until now, management of DENV patients is only supportive. Specific antiviral drug to DENV is not available yet. The objective of this study is to determine antiviral activity of Ceiba pentandra and Eugenia uniflora leaf extract against DENV replication in Huh7it-1 cell line. Study design was an experimental study with a Focus assay and MTT assay to determine the effectivity and toxicity, respectively. Ceiba pentandra leaf extract showed IC50, CC50 and SI of 15.49 μg/ml, 81.1 μg/ml and 5.23. In other hand, E. uniflora revealed IC50, CC50, and SI of 19.83 μg/ml, 134.42 μg/ml and 6.78. We concluded that C. pentandra and E. uniflora leaf extract have potential as antiviral drug to DENV. Further studies are needed to explore the substance of C. pentandra and E. uniflora leaf extract that have antiviral activities to DENV.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2019
EditorsKenny Lischer, Tomy Abuzairi, Siti Fauziyah Rahman, Misri Gozan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419445
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019
Event4th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering�s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2019 - Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia
Duration: 22 Jul 201924 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2193
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering�s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityPadang, West Sumatera
Period22/07/1924/07/19

Keywords

  • Ceiba petranda
  • denv-2
  • Euginia uniflora
  • huh7it-1 cell line

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