Antiviral activity of aspalathus linearis against human influenza virus

Ratika Rahmasari, Takahiro Haruyama, Siriwan Charyasriwong, Tomoki Nishida, Nobuyuki Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Influenza A viruses are responsible for annual epidemics and occasional pandemics, which cause significant morbidity and mortality. The limited protection offered by influenza vaccination, and the emergence of drug-resistant influenza strains, highlight the urgent need for the development of novel anti-influenza drugs. However, the search for antiviral substances from the library of low molecular weight chemical compounds is limited. Thus, because of their natural diversity and accessibility, plants or plant-derived materials are rapidly becoming valuable sources for the discovery and development of new antiviral drugs. In this study, crude extracts of Aspalathus linearis, a plant reported to have anti-HIV activity, were evaluated in vitro for their activity against the influenza A virus. Of the extracts tested, an alkaline extract of Aspalathus linearis demonstrated the strongest inhibition against influenza A virus and could also inhibit different types of influenza viruses, including Oseltamivir-resistant influenza viruses A and B. Our time course of addition studies indicated that the alkaline extract of Aspalathus linearis exerts its antiviral effect predominantly during the late stages of the influenza virus replication process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-602
Number of pages4
JournalNatural Product Communications
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Alkaline extract
  • Anti-influenza activity
  • Aspalathus linearis
  • Natural product

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