The antioxidants effect of two aminomethyl derivatives of 2-methoxyphenol: 4,6-di[(morpholin-4-yl)methyl]-2-methoxyphenol (DMMMP) and 5-[(pyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]vanillic acid (PMVA) on enhancing thermal and oxidative storage stability of coconut oil was performed using tert-butylhydroxyquinone (TBHQ) as a comparative standard. The efficacy on thermal stability test was carried out by heating at 180oC for 1, 3, and 6 hours, while the efficacy on the storage stability test was performed using an accelerated method by heating at 60oC for 5 weeks. The concentrations for MDMMP was 200, 350, and 500 ppm; for PMVA was 200, 275, and 350 ppm; and for TBHQ was 200 ppm. Free fatty acid (FFA) level, peroxide value (PV), and p-anisidine value (p-AV) were used as parameters to assess the level of oxidative stability of coconut oil. The results showed that the addition of DMMMP 200, 350, and 500 ppm, and PMVA 200 and 275 ppm did not inhibit FFA, peroxide, and aldehyde formation. In thermal stability study, PMVA (350 ppm) could inhibit the free fatty acid release, and formation of secondary oxidation products compounds on thermal stability comparable to TBHQ (200 ppm) addition, but only TBHQ that could inhibit peroxide formation for 6 h. In storage stability, DMMMP (all concentration) could not delay the fatty acid release, while PMVA (all concentration) and TBHQ (200 ppm) delayed that for 2 and 5 weeks, respectively. DMMMP (all concentration) delayed peroxide formation for 2 weeks, while PMVA (all concentration) and TBHQ (200 ppm) delayed peroxide formation for 5 weeks. All compounds only delay the formation of secondary oxidation products for 1 week. In conclusion, the efficacy of PMVA as an antioxidant against thermal and storage oxidative stability of coconut oil is higher than DMMMP but lower than TBHQ.
- Aminomethyl derivatives
- Coconut Oil