Antimicrobial activity of silver sulfide quantum dots functionalized with highly conjugated Schiff bases in a one-step synthesis

Nurulizzatul Ningsheh M. Shahri, Hussein Taha, Malai Haniti Malai, Eny Kusrini, Jun Wei Lim, Jonathan Hobley, Anwar Usman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present paper, low-dimensional Ag2S QDs were fabricated for the first time, with four different dithiocarbazate derivative Schiff bases (SB) as capping agents in a one-pot synthesis. These SB-capped Ag2S QDs were almost spherical with an average size range of 4.0 to 5.6 nm, which is slightly smaller than conventional thioglycolic acid (TGA)-capped Ag2S QDs. We demonstrate that the growth of Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus subtillus and Staphylococcus aureus), Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), and a prevalent fungal pathogen (Candida albicans) are inhibited more when the bacterial and fungal cells were nurtured with the synthesized SB-Ag2S QDs, compared with TGA-Ag2S QDs or free unbound Schiff bases. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) results confirmed that even low concentrations of SB-Ag2S QDs were able to inhibit bacterial (MIC 5-75 μg mL-1) and fungal growth (MIC 80-310 μg mL-1), and in some cases they performed better than streptomycin (8-25 μg mL-1). Lethality bioassay results confirmed that SB-Ag2S QDs were not toxic to brine shrimp (Artemia salina). The results show that capping agents are essential in the design of functional Ag2S QDs, and highlight that Schiff bases provide an excellent opportunity to optimize the biological activities of silver based QDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3136-3146
Number of pages11
JournalRSC Advances
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2022

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