Antibacterial effectiveness of Virgin Coconut Oil Mousse against Streptococcus mutans Biofilm in early childhood caries

Nikita Syahrussiami Firdaus, Eva Fauziah, Heriandi Sutadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Early childhood caries (ECC) is one of the major oral health issues in children aged ≤71 months owing to multifactorial causes, including accumulation of Streptococcus mutans biofilm. This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of virgin coconut oil (VCO) mousse at different concentrations against S. mutans biofilm in children with ECC. Cell viability was analyzed to estimate biofilm growth on VCO at different concentrations (0.8%, 8%, and 80%) by crystal violet assay in 96-microwell plates and by measuring colony-forming units. S. mutans colonies were counted on brain heart infusion agar plates. Inter-group trials were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (P < .05). The concentration of 80% VCO mousse showed significant results compared with that of VCO mousse at 0.8% and 8% concentrations, showing equal results obtained with the positive control which is casein phosphopeptide-amorphus calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP). VCO mousse (80%) is an effective antibacterial agent against S. mutans in children with ECC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-433
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Coconut oil
  • Dental caries
  • Streptococcus mutans

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