Introduction Managing natural resources is indispensable if they are to be used, while at the same time maintaining their sustainability. Usage should only be undertaken if the sustainability of the natural resource is firmly assured (Sayer & Campbell 2004). As a consequence, every consumption of a resource has to be carried out simultaneously with an act of conservation to ensure its continuation. This ideal principle often goes against the principle of economic investment, however, wherein the goal is to acquire the highest profit possible in return for the lowest possible expenditure. To balance the damage done to natural resources due to greed, strategies to regulate the utilization of natural resources are crucial. The management of natural resources is highly relevant to the actors whose lives depend on these resources. In the context of natural resources in the form of forests, usage of the forest is carried out in accordance with local regulations, which are applicable to the local actors, and national laws, which control not only the locals, but outsiders and investors external to the region. Political ecologists have shown how the natural resources in particular places (Hecht 1985; Dodds 1998), including Indonesia (Peluso 1992), are of interest to outsiders, not just regionally and nationally, but also internationally. The resulting depletion of natural resources and the environment must then be analyzed in a broader context (Blaikie 1985; Robbins 2004).
|Title of host publication||Biodiversity and Human Livelihoods in Protected Areas|
|Subtitle of host publication||Case Studies from the Malay Archipelago|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||19|
|ISBN (Print)||0521870216, 9780521870214|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2007|