Anatomical and sound intensity comparison of bamboo culms that used as Angklung Gubrag in Cipining Village

S. Maulidyawati, Nisyawati, Afiatry Putrika

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Angklung Gubrag is one of the ancient musical instruments originated from Cipining Village, Bogor Regency. Instead of using Gigantochloa atroviolacea, community of Cipining contends that Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea much better used as angklung's raw material. This study aimed to compare the characteristic of anatomy and sound intensity between Gigantochloa atroviolacea and Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea that used as Angklung Gubrag sound tube. The study conducted from June to October 2016. Sound intensity of bamboo was calculated using sound level meter. The anatomies of bamboo culm were compared using hand sections and maceration technique.. Anatomical slides and maceration sample of bamboo observed under a microscope in Bio Imaging Laboratory Department of Biology. The results showed that Angklung Gubrag Gigantochloa atroviolacea has lower sound intensity than Angklung Gubrag Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea. Vessel types that made up the sound tube from Gigantochloa atroviolacea and Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea dominated by type III. Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea has highest density of vascular bundles, while Gigantochloa atroviolacea have wider area of vascular bundles and sclerenchym bundles. Fiber cells of Gigantochloa atroviolacea are longer than Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea. Reasons for choosing Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea as a raw material for Angklung Gubrag due to its high sound intensity, affected by high density of vascular bundles from the species.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2017, ISCPMS 2017
EditorsRatna Yuniati, Terry Mart, Ivandini T. Anggraningrum, Djoko Triyono, Kiki A. Sugeng
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417410
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2018
Event3rd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2017, ISCPMS 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 26 Jul 201727 Jul 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2023
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2017, ISCPMS 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period26/07/1727/07/17

Keywords

  • Angklung Gubrag
  • Gigantochloa atroviolacea
  • Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea
  • fibers
  • vascular bundles

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    Maulidyawati, S., Nisyawati, & Putrika, A. (2018). Anatomical and sound intensity comparison of bamboo culms that used as Angklung Gubrag in Cipining Village. In R. Yuniati, T. Mart, I. T. Anggraningrum, D. Triyono, & K. A. Sugeng (Eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2017, ISCPMS 2017 [020120] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2023). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5064117