Analysis on the effectiveness of fire safety equipment in resisting the spread of heat and smoke during fire accident on ro-ro pax crossing ferry (Case study on local Indonesian ferries)

Sunaryo, A. I. Azhary

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The percentage of marine fire accidents is considerably high in Indonesia, reaching about 41% of all major accidents, which were mostly occurred onboard ro-ro ferries. The heat and smoke from the fire usually spread to other spaces including passenger spaces, which made the passengers panic due to heat, low visibility, and inhale of toxic gases, that made them difficult to escape from the affected spaces. The study was carried out with the aim to analyze the effectiveness of fire safety devices installed in the vehicle decks of ro-ro passenger ferries using fire simulation software. Results of the simulations concluded that the existence of water sprinklers could extinguish the fire in 210 seconds, and the activation of smoke exhaust and fresh air supply fans could maintain the visibility for 30 m in 400 seconds, which means that the passengers could escape safely from the fire affected spaces.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRINA, Royal Institution of Naval Architects - International Conference on Fire at Sea 2014
PublisherRoyal Institution of Naval Architects
Pages90-98
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781510801530
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
EventInternational Conference on Fire at Sea 2014 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 26 Mar 201427 Mar 2014

Publication series

NameRINA, Royal Institution of Naval Architects - International Conference on Fire at Sea 2014

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Fire at Sea 2014
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period26/03/1427/03/14

Keywords

  • Fire accident
  • Fire safety devices
  • Heat
  • Smoke
  • Visibility

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