Analysis on association between sagittal stem alignment and early functional and radiological outcome following primary cementless total hip replacement

Erwin Ardian Noor, Ismail Hadisoebroto Dilogo, Jamot Silitonga, Rahadiansyah Ramadhani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Accurate reconstruction of hip anatomy and biomechanics is mandatory for achieving good clinical outcomes following total hip replacement (THR). Optimal stem alignment is essential to avoid impingement or loosening. This study aimed to evaluate sagittal stem position following cementless THR and its relationship with patient’s functional outcome and post-operative radiological parameters. Method: We performed analytical observational study with cross-sectional design on 71 hips (67 patients, ranged 18–85 years old) that underwent primary cementless THR in two orthopedic centers in Jakarta, Indonesia. All hips were operated through either anterolateral or posterior approach using either extended/full-coating wedge-tapered stem or proximal-coated wedge-tapered stem. Clinical outcomes were evaluated at follow-up time using mHHS questionnaire, VAS level of thigh pain, and hip ROM. Stem sagittal alignment and other radiological parameters, including combined anteversion and offset, were measured from conventional radiograph. Results: There were no significant differences on mHHS score, VAS level on thigh pain, and ROM between stem alignment groups. Post-operative anteversion and offset of the implant were not affected by the stem sagittal position. All influencing factors have significant effect on sagittal stem alignment. Linear regression test on femur morphology showed 0.69° increase in stem posterior tilt for every 1° increase in the anterior bowing (coeff. = 0.502). Conclusion: Stem tilting in sagittal plane did not affect patient’s functional outcome or post-operative radiological parameters. In addition, for every degree of increased anterior femoral bowing, 0.69° increase in posterior stem tilting can be expected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2129-2136
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Cementless
  • Functional outcome
  • Sagittal alignment
  • THR

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