Analysis of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) implementation based on GEDSI and climate resilience in Kupang City

Ni Nyoman Sri Natih Sudhiastiningsih, Theresia Agustina, Cindy Rianti Priadi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper provides an overview of WASH implementation, GEDSI, and climate resilience in Kupang City, revealing significant gaps. These gaps include the absence of a monitoring mechanism due to a lack of consensus among local bureaucracies (OPD) concerning community-based total sanitation (STBM) and inadequate budget allocation for monitoring. Additionally, there is a lack of integration between program implementation and existing Urban Sanitation Strategy (SSK) documents, posing an additional challenge to effective STBM execution. Qualitative methodologies, such as key informant interviews and focus group discussions, were employed to engage with key stakeholders, including city government representatives, local leaders, and community youth organizations. The analysis emphasizes Kupang City's efforts in STBM implementation, persistent deficiencies in sanitation management at the urban village level, and ongoing challenges in raising community awareness about proper sanitation practices. Recurring climate vulnerabilities affecting infrastructure and the local population have led to the development of Regional Action Plans for Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction (RAD API-PRB). Vulnerability during disasters primarily impacts women and children, underscoring the importance of gender equality within households and across all WASH and climate change activities. The absence of youth involvement highlights the need for comprehensive collaboration among stakeholders. Follow-up recommendations align with the SDG 6 Global Acceleration Framework, focusing on data, financing, governance, innovation, capacity building, community participation, and elements related to GEDSI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04001
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2024
Event7th Environmental Technology and Management Conference, ETMC 2023 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 20233 Nov 2023


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