ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF BIOMASS VARIANTS (FISH WASTE, TAMANU WASTE AND DUCKWEED) ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SYNGAS, BIO OIL, AND CARBON CHARCOAL PRODUCED IN THE PYROLYSIS PROCESS

Adi Syuriadi, Ahmad Indra Siswantara, Fadia Ramadhania Nurhakim, Yubdina Nurfazlia Irbah, Bagas Al Rizky, Fara Arinda Zulfa, Faisal Azizi Devitra, Sulaksana Permana, Iwan Susanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Biomass is one of the renewable energy sources that are often found around the Indonesia area. It can be converted into various forms of fuel by pyrolysis. Pyrolysis is a process of chemical decomposition of biomass through a heating process at high temperatures that occurs with no or little oxygen. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the type of biomass on the characteristics of syngas, bio oil and carbon charcoal produced in pyrolysis. Syngas consisting of hydrogen and carbon monoxide can be used as raw materials for the chemical industry in addition to electrical energy, such as methanol, formic acid and ammonia industries. Biooil contains a number of chemical compounds that have the potential as raw materials for preservatives, antioxidants, disinfectants, or as biopesticides. Carbon charcoal is useful as an energy source, activated carbon with higher economic value such as catalysts, adsorbents, and supercapacitors. This research used an experimental method. Biomass comes from fish waste, tamanu waste, and duckweed. The parameters observed were temperature of 400–500 °C, for 30 minutes, and 150 grams biomass, in order to determine the duration of the syngas flame and the amount of bio-oil and carbon charcoal. The syngas produced from duckweed has a longer flame test with a time of 126 seconds with a blue flame while the syngas from tamanu waste produces a reddish blue flame for 18 seconds. On the other hand, the results of the bio-oil produced from fish waste, 19.1 grams are weightier than from duckweed, 3.2 grams. Then the most carbon charcoal is produced by tamanu waste weighing 141.9 grams while the least is produced by duckweed weighing 27.7

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalEastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies
Volume3
Issue number6-117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Biooil
  • Carbon charcoal
  • Duckweed
  • Economy value
  • Fish waste
  • Pyrolysis
  • Renewable energy
  • Syngas
  • Tamanu waste

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