Analysis of Reliability and Validity of Basic Principles of Bioethics

Dedi Afandi, Yuli Budiningsih, Oktavinda Safitry, Agus Purwadianto, Ivan Riyanto Widjaja, Desti Merlina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Basic principle of bioethics is one of medical ethics teaching material with cognitive approach in medical faculty. It is a relevant method to develop student’s reasoning analysis of medical ethics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate item analysis, reliability and validity of Basic Principles of Bioethics/Kaidah Dasar Bioetika Test (KDB Test) designed to measure level of cognitive of principle based of bioethics among medical student. This an evaluative descriptive study. The participant comprised of 99 medical students of Faculty of Medicine University of Riau academic year 2007. KDB Test was developed based on literature review and consultation with ethical expert. Item analysis of instrument was determined discrimination index and difficulty index. The validity of instrument was determined by measuring the face validity and content validity. Internal consistency reliability was examined using Kuder Richardson-20 (KR 20). The final version KDB Test showed r (coeffisien correlation to total) ranged between from 0.338 to 0.807 with level significant p<0.05 and internal consistency reliability (KR 20 = 0.701). The conclusion, KDB Test was reliable and valid instrument to measure level of cognitive among medical student.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Indonesian Medical Association
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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