Analysis of coconut carbon fibers for gas diffusion layer material

Nanik Indayaningsih, Dedi Priadi, Anne Zulfia Syahrial,, Suprapedi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The main compound of natural fibers is a hydrocarbon. The heating of hydrocarbon in inert gas produces charcoal or carbon. Carbon materials are widely used for several purposes depending on the physical and electric properties, for example for hydrogen storage, conductive or reinforced plastics, catalyst supports, batteries and fuel cells. The main raw material of Gas diffusion Layer (GDL) of the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is a carbon. The properties of GDL are porous and electron-conductive material, because of the function of GDL is to distribute the gas as fuel and electricity conductors. This study aims to analyze the carbon fibers made from coconut fibers for the application of GDL materials. The carbon fiber was made using pyrolysis process in the inert gas (nitrogen) at a certain temperature according to the analysis of Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) 300°C, 400°C, 500°C, 600°C, and 900°C. The crystalstructure, carbon content, powder density and morphology of carbon fibers were observed using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), fixed carbon according to ASTM D 1762-64, Archimedes method (BS 19202 Part 1A), and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), respectively. The results showed that the structure of carbon was amorphous, and content of 51%-71%, powder density of 0.42g/cm3-0.71g/cm3. The morphology having many parallel hollows like a tube that are close to each other with diameters of 2μm-10μm, and in the wall of tube there are some porous with sizes around 1μ m. According to this analysis, the coconut carbon fiber enables to be applied as candidate for a basic material of GDL.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFracture and Strength of Solids VII
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780878492107
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
ISSN (Print)1013-9826
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9795


  • Coconut carbon
  • Coconut fiber
  • Gas diffusion layer
  • Inert gas
  • Morphology


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