Uncertainty of community rights on land becomes the root of agrarian conflict in Indonesia. Efforts to resolve agrarian conflicts have become important issues in each period of government in Indonesia. The Government of Indonesia issued Ministerial Regulation No.83 of 2016 concerning Social Forestry. The objectives of this policy are forest protection, community economic empowerment, and the resolution of social problems. This study aims to analyze the development and dynamics of agrarian conflicts in the forestry sector from 2013 to 2018 and the role of social forestry schemes in conflict resolution. The method used is descriptive statistical analysis and exploration of secondary data. Agrarian conflicts in Indonesia during 2013 - 2018 reached 2,612 cases of agrarian conflicts with a total land area of more than 7.1 million ha. The analysis shows that the contribution of conflicts in forest areas is 5% to 8% to all agrarian conflicts. The average area of conflict in the forestry sector per year reaches 24% of the total area of agrarian conflicts in Indonesia or 263,269 hectares per year. The conclusion of this research is the resolution of agrarian conflicts with social forestry schemes can be effective if the community is more oriented to the protection and legal recognition for optimizing forest use rather than the demands of legal recognition of land ownership.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2021|
|Event||1st Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Symposium, JESSD 2020 - Jakarta, Virtual, Indonesia|
Duration: 28 Sep 2020 → 30 Sep 2020