Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that has become one of the global concerns. Various factors can increase the incidence of TB and facilitate transmission, one of which is environmental factors. This study aimed to understand the correlation between altitude, population density, and healthy home coverage with the proportion of smear-positive pulmonary TB in Pariaman, Bukittinggi and Dumai in 2010-2016. This study is an ecological study. The data of smear-positive pulmonary TB cases obtained from District Health Office were processed in aggregate at each sub-district in Pariaman, Bukittinggi and Dumai areas. Data were analyzed by correlation test and spatial analysis. The results of this study indicate that there is a strong correlation between altitude with the proportion of smear-positive pulmonary TB in Bukittinggi with direction of the correlation is negative, which mean that the higher the altitude the lower the pulmonary Tb case. It is suggested that area with lower altitude can focus more on promotion and prevention of pulmonary TB through health education or other health promotion measures.
|Journal||Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|