An ontology design pattern for cartographic map scaling

David Carral, Simon Scheider, Krzysztof Janowicz, Charles Vardeman, Adila Alfa Krisnadhi, Pascal Hitzler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


The concepts of scale is at the core of cartographic abstraction and mapping. It defines which geographic phenomena should be displayed, which type of geometry and map symbol to use, which measures can be taken, as well as the degree to which features need to be exaggerated or spatially displaced. In this work, we present an ontology design pattern for map scaling using the Web Ontology Language (OWL) within a particular extension of the OWL RL profile. We explain how it can be used to describe scaling applications, to reason over scale levels, and geometric representations. We propose an axiomatization that allows us to impose meaningful constraints on the pattern, and, thus, to go beyond simple surface semantics. Interestingly, this includes several functional constraints currently not expressible in any of the OWL profiles. We show that for this specific scenario, the addition of such constraints does not increase the reasoning complexity which remains tractable.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Semantic Web
Subtitle of host publicationSemantics and Big Data - 10th International Conference, ESWC 2013, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9783642382871
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event10th International Conference on The Semantic Web: Semantics and Big Data, ESWC 2013 - Montpellier, France
Duration: 26 May 201330 May 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7882 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference10th International Conference on The Semantic Web: Semantics and Big Data, ESWC 2013


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