Regional interaction is generally understood as implying movement between regions at the same level of an hierarchy. This paper extends the notion to include an hierarchical system, thus facilitating the consideration of vertical interaction in the analysis of regional interaction. Obviously, vertical interaction is not altogether a new concept. One could find this concept in many analyses related to national-local or federal-state relationships. This paper treats hierarchy in a strict sense; spatial units are interacting one with another within, but not between, presumed super regions. A particular example drawn in this paper is the province-region relationships for the case of Indonesia. In this framework, provinces form a region, and regions form the nation. The Dendrinos-Sonis model is then used as the basis for measuring the hierarchical spatial interaction in Indonesia. The analysis will explore the degree to which complementarity and competitive interaction revealed at one level in the hierarchy persist at lower or higher levels.
- Dendrinos-Sonis model
- Hierarchical interaction